INTRODUCTION TO TERMINOLOGY
How does IDEA define an AT device?
An AT device under IDEA (2004) is defined as "…any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities." IDEA makes an exception for "any medical device that is surgically implanted or the replacement of such a device." (Reference: Statute: TITLE I / A / 602 / 1.) As result, Cochlear implants are not considered an AT device under IDEA.
How does IDEA define an AT service?
An AT service under IDEA (2004) is defined as "any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device." The statue specifically includes the following:
- Evaluations for the AT needs of a student with a disability;
- Acquisition (purchasing, leasing, renting, etc) of AT devices for a student with a disability;
- Selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing AT devices;
- Coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with AT devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs.
- AT training or technical assistance for the child, or, where appropriate, the family;
- AT training or technical assistance for professionals working with the student. (Reference: Statute: TITLE I / A / 602 / 2)